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The Payra Power Plant, also known as the Payra Thermal Power Plant, is a large coal-fired power plant located in the Payra area of Patuakhali district in Bangladesh. The plant is operated by the Bangladesh-China Power Company Limited (BCPCL), which is a joint venture between the state-owned Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB) and China National Machinery Import and Export Corporation (CMC).



The Payra Power Plant has a total installed capacity of 1,320 megawatts (MW) and consists of two units, each with a capacity of 660 MW. Construction of the plant began in 2016, and the first unit was commissioned in December 2019, while the second unit started commercial operation in September 2020.

The power plant plays a significant role in meeting the growing electricity demand in Bangladesh. It utilizes imported coal as the primary fuel source for electricity generation. The plant employs supercritical technology, which helps to improve efficiency and reduce emissions compared to conventional coal-fired power plants.


payra thermal power plant bangladesh


The establishment of the Payra Power Plant is part of Bangladesh's efforts to diversify its power generation sources and reduce its dependence on natural gas. The country has been investing in various power projects, including renewable energy sources such as solar and wind, to meet its increasing electricity needs and promote sustainable development. There are a lots of importance of the power plant:



A Solution to Growing Energy Demand:

With Bangladesh's rapid economic growth and expanding population, there has been an increasing demand for electricity across the country. To address this need, the Payra Power Plant was established as a significant step towards diversifying the energy mix and reducing reliance on natural gas, which was the primary source of power generation. The plant's strategic location in Payra allows for efficient distribution of electricity to various regions of the country.

Capacity and Technology:

The Payra Power Plant boasts a total installed capacity of 1,320 megawatts (MW), which is divided into two units, each with a capacity of 660 MW. The construction of the plant commenced in 2016, and it has since been utilizing imported coal as its primary fuel source. Equipped with cutting-edge supercritical technology, the power plant operates at higher temperatures and pressures, resulting in improved efficiency and reduced emissions compared to conventional coal-fired plants.

Environmental Considerations:

Recognizing the environmental concerns associated with coal-fired power plants, the Payra Power Plant has implemented various measures to mitigate its impact. It incorporates state-of-the-art emission control technologies to minimize air pollution, including advanced flue gas desulfurization systems and electrostatic precipitators. These technologies efficiently capture and remove sulfur dioxide and particulate matter, contributing to a cleaner environment.

Economic and Social Impact:

The construction and operation of the Payra Power Plant have brought substantial economic benefits to Bangladesh. The project has provided employment opportunities for both skilled and unskilled workers during the construction phase. Additionally, the power plant's establishment has paved the way for industrial growth and improved living standards in the surrounding areas, creating a positive ripple effect on the local economy.

Energy Security and Sustainable Development:

The Payra Power Plant plays a pivotal role in strengthening Bangladesh's energy security by diversifying its power generation sources. While the country is actively pursuing renewable energy initiatives, such as solar and wind, coal-fired power plants like Payra ensure a stable and consistent supply of electricity to meet the growing demand. This strategic balance between conventional and renewable energy sources aids in the country's pursuit of sustainable development.



The Payra Power Plant stands as a significant milestone in Bangladesh's journey towards energy independence and sustainable development. By diversifying the energy mix and reducing dependence on natural gas, this coal-fired thermal power plant plays a crucial role in meeting the country's increasing electricity needs. With its advanced technology and commitment to environmental responsibility, the Payra Power Plant exemplifies Bangladesh's determination to embrace cleaner and more efficient methods of power generation, driving the nation towards a brighter and more sustainable future.

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